Machine Market

Poland: Good economic situation a boost for Polish machinery industry

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Challenges to give the entire industry a chance

Good prospects the industry is facing now should not, however, overshadow the threats that Polish companies will have to tackle. If not addressed properly, they might severely limit the development opportunities.

Polish machine manufacturers are still not very competitive on the European market in terms of products with complex design and technologies incorporated. As a result, Polish entrepreneurs are less likely to expand on foreign markets, and even in Poland they are often outrun by foreign com-petitors. To change this, there are three areas which need improvement: low innovation level of products and manufacturing processes, low specialisation of production, and entrepreneurs' unwill-ingness to invest.

This last thing appears to be of particular importance. According to GUS, every third company op-erating in the machine industry in Poland introduces innovations. In this respect, this industry occu-pies only the tenth place in the ranking covering all branches of industrial processing. A slightly bet-ter position (6th place) takes the machine industry in terms of the number of industrial applications to automate production processes.

At the same time, apart from the improvement in the afore-mentioned areas, Polish companies have a good opportunity to emerge in niches of the global markets, especially in production of large-size custom-made machines. These involve often single orders or short production runs at most. In this field, the competition from global concerns is not as strong as in the case of the most popular ma-chines in serial production. Some niches already identified in business practice of Polish companies include production of mining machinery and equipment for machining of heavy and oversized parts, such as marine engine shafts, aircraft engines and power turbines, components for metallurgical machinery or large excavators for open-pit mining.

Furthermore, the ever-changing industrial environment behind the Industry 4.0 concept poses a great challenge, but also a splendid opportunity. The manufacturers of machinery and equipment are challenged with increasingly new demands. Is is the ability to adapt product portfolio to new condi-tions that will continue to determine the chances for further development of the Polish industrial sector.

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