Labour Market

Poland: Employees needed urgently

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From administration to automotive

According to GUS communication, average employment in the enterprises sector in the first half of 2017 was 5,978.6 thousand employees. The employment rose the most in the case of administrative and support service activities (9.4%), accommodation and food service activities (9.1%) and transportation and storage services (7.0%). An increase in the employment by 2.4–6.6% was recorded, among other areas, in the area of scientific activities, information and communication and in trade as well as in the sectors of repairs of motor vehicles, real estate activities, industrial processing, water and sewage management.

From January to June 2017, the sectors of the Polish economy which employ large numbers of workers recorded employment growth on an annual basis, e.g. in companies operating in the sector of land transport and transport via pipelines (8.8%), manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (8.0%) or manufacture of rubber and plastic products (6.5%).

On the other hand, lower employment rate, as compared to the first half of 2016, was recorded in the mining and quarrying sector (a decrease by 5.5%), in the electricity, gas, steam and hot water supply sector (-1.6%) and in the construction sector (-0.3%).

A challenge for the economy

Although employees in Poland are certainly happy with the situation on the labour market, for entrepreneurs, however, it poses a real challenge. Monika Kurtek, Chief Economist at Bank Pocztowy, says that a significant fall in unemployment means that tensions are being created on the Polish labour market which in the future, and not so distant future, may inhibit the growth of the economy. The more so in that, according to the European Commission’s projections, a slow upward trend in the case of the employment in EU countries, including Poland, will continue until the end of 2018. As expected, the unemployment rate in Poland will reach its historical minimum in 2018 and will be at the level of 4.4%.

Time will tell whether the economy—including the industry which already now is in great need for skilled workers—will be able to cope with it.

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