E-mobility

Electric vehicles to soon lead the roads

| Author / Editor: Ahlam Rais / Ahlam Rais

Reducing the weight of EVs is the best way to break the mileage barrier and encourage customers to adopt them in greater numbers.
Reducing the weight of EVs is the best way to break the mileage barrier and encourage customers to adopt them in greater numbers. (Source: Deposit Photos)

With rising awareness of climate change, major automobile companies are manufacturing electric vehicles to reduce emissions. However, the firms are still exploring and experimenting with new ways and materials to enhance the efficiency and production of these vehicles.

Climate change is real and the time to save the earth is now! The world has exploited its natural resources significantly and continues to harm the environment by disposing off harmful greenhouse gases into the air. International platforms such as the Paris Agreement have collaborated with countries around the globe to reduce CO2 emissions and as a result, numerous governments have established policies to cut down these emissions.

Electric Vehicles

One of the major contributors to this adverse scenario is fossil-fuel based vehicles. The solution: Replacing fuel combustion vehicles with electric vehicles (EVs). EVs work on lithium-ion batteries which power the electric motor. When the battery drains off its energy, they are charged once again using grid electricity, either from a wall socket or a charging unit. This means that internal combustion engines will not be required for future cars.

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Lightweight EVs

This also means that auto makers now have to abandon their traditional processes of manufacturing cars and come up with new ideas and concepts to produce more efficient and more enhanced EVs. Most of the leading automotive companies have already got into the act and are producing high quality EVs for their customers. In fact, auto leaders are now also looking at producing vehicles that are light in weight. News reports state that reducing the weight of EVs is the best way to break the mileage barrier and encourage customers to adopt them in greater numbers. It goes onto state that for every 100 kg saved, an EV can increase its mileage by 10-11 %, reduce its battery cost by 20 % and save 20 % daily worn-out costs.

Aluminum alloys

But how can one manufacture lightweight EVs? It is by incorporating lightweight materials such as aluminum. Aluminum alloys helps to reduce the weight of the car by 30-50 % as compared to steel. It also assures robustness, strengthens the vehicle, adapts to processing, production and repairs, can be easily recycled, is resistant to rusting and its parts can be easily replaced. All these advantages make aluminum alloys popular as a material for producing EVs. Hence, it is not surprising that some of the major players in the EV space such as Tesla, BMW, Audi make use of aluminum alloys in their EVs.

E-mobility is an ongoing trend and with time it will only get stronger. The automotive industry is currently witnessing a huge transition and the sooner auto firms accept and prepare for this change, the better it will be for them to capture their respective markets.

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