Digital Innovations Czech Republic: From robots and artificial intelligence to virtual reality

| Author / Editor: Dipl.Ing. Roman Dvorak, FENg., Editor-in-Chief, Publisher MM Industrial Spectrum, Czech Republic / Lisa Saller, Lisa Saller

The volume of innovations and their transformation presently in progress is amazing. The strong impact of such acceleration will be apparent in all fields and disciplines. Only those, who will be able to constantly renew their thinking and sustain their relevance in the period of rapid changes will remain on top.

Artificial nerve networks are a significant step in the field of artificial intelligence which could completely change everything ranging from mobile communication, internet of things over infrastructure (created and digital), drones, robots up to technology and a number of hitherto unthought of fields.
Artificial nerve networks are a significant step in the field of artificial intelligence which could completely change everything ranging from mobile communication, internet of things over infrastructure (created and digital), drones, robots up to technology and a number of hitherto unthought of fields.
(Photo: GE)

It can be expected that the rate of digital innovations will grow continuously. Starting from this year we will witness the formation of a new boundary of artificial intelligence, progress in virtual reality and the fact that firms will have to classify themselves either as technological or IP (intellectual property) firms.

The changes have up till now always been moderate. However now they are more rapid than ever before. Let us get acquainted with the following four future trends identified by the representatives of The Future Hunters Agency which focuses its activities on long-time global trends.

Automation of labour – formation of a new creative class

Robots are more and more intensely designed to correspond with human beings in their skill and speed. This new wave of evolution technology can automate not only manual but also cognitive tasks. In the next decade 44% of human labour will be fully automated. Thus perhaps we will experience a period of technological unemployment in which computer scientists and software engineers will bring new solutions which will oust us from job opportunities. Besides this, actually the total number of jobs is constantly falling.

Machines will relieve us from tiresome tasks and at the same time will be able to give us more time for creative activities. Traditional roads to economic prosperity gradually disappear. Actually we are already not a necessity for economic prosperity and in addition we have nothing to gain from it. Ultimately we will perhaps be witnesses of the fact that our minds will be used in an absolutely different way.

Nerve network – the next boundary of artificial intelligence

One of the most extensive philosophical disputations is devoted to a long-time issue whether artificial intelligence will in future be fully able to replace human intelligence. If we are really on the way to future under the flag of creative labour, is artificial intelligence able to express creativity, empathy and emotion? It is always necessary to perceive the difference between to be smart and to be intelligent. Are we able to produce smart systems which are able to absorb and integrate inputs which they somehow managed to learn? The task we are now faced with is to create intelligent systems, i.e. such systems which will be able to create suggestions to hitherto unknown issues. We are now beginning to overcome this obstacle by the development of nerve networks inspired by the function of neurons in the brain.

Conscious point – future of virtual reality

Virtual reality is still considered as a niche. However maybe we are approaching a significant breakthrough when we will reach a kind of conscious point. Where we are, to a certain extent aware of but do not know, where it precisely is and whether it is in reality, in virtual reality or in a combination of both. The greatest obstacle to its perceiving can be a view connected with separation from the real world. Virtual reality was defined as an immersive multimedia or computer-simulated reality replicating an environment simulating a physical presence in places in the real world or an imagined world, allowing the user to interact in that world and in other words a brain suggestion that it is elsewhere or in real time does something else. Until experts will not fully exploit this remarkably strong and latent source, virtual technology will remain only something like a toy instead of becoming a necessity. In the nearest future computers will perhaps interact with the human brain and ultimately support communication between the computer and brain in virtual reality.

All firms will be technological and IP

At present many well-established firms are faced with a necessity to perform a certain kind of internal audit and to change a majority of what and how they produced in order to maintain sustainability and competitiveness in a quite different operating environment. Even the most traditional production firms will have to classify themselves as technological and IP (intellectual property) companies. Artificial intelligence, internet of things, 3D (and ultimately also 4D) printing, enormous volumes of data, new communication and power engineering technologies, top-level robotics, nerve networks… all these things are not just arriving, they are already here. Every entity will have to protect its intellectual property which is an integral part of all technology and at the same time an output of these new platforms.

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