就连起源也是完全不同的: 在德国，联邦政府的咨询机构—经济科学研究联盟要求行业协会设立工业4.0平台，而在美国的大公司开端是：2014年3月，美国电话电报公司、思科、通用电气、美国国际商用机器公司和英特尔成立了工业网络财团 (IIC)，协调工业网络的优化率，并使技术应用方面对此有需求。与此同时，250家公司也加入了此举动，其中一些公司来自德国。IIC执行董事Richard Mark Soley博士讲道，从最广义来讲，工业网络财团旨在汇聚“操作系统”，这意味着机器和工厂以及信息技术将结合在一起，兄弟杂志Elektrotechnik前面也有提到。
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